played a significant part in furthering European integration, notably by fostering the idea of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism and, later, by campaigning for French acceptance in a referendum of the 1992 Maastricht treaty that led to the creation of the euro.
Yet the EU’s subsequent draft constitution, produced by a convention that he chaired, was voted down by his fellow French citizens and by the Dutch before its reforms finally found a home in the Lisbon treaty of 2009.
The referendum defeats in 2005 shook the entire Union and exposed the gap between the people and the Brussels elite.
FT 3 December 2020
The EU's new treaty is the same as the rejected constitution
- only the format has been changed to avoid referendums, says Valery Giscard d'Estaing, architect of the constitution.
in Le Monde and a few other European newspapers EU Observer 29.10.2007
EUs grundlag - The Constitution
När ett barn inte vill äta fisken som serveras vid middagsbordet kan det fungera att skära maten i småbitar och säga att det är pannkaka.
En liknande metod funderar nu EU:s ledare på att tillämpa för att få medborgarna i medlemsländerna att acceptera förslaget till ny konstitution.
Marianne Björklund, DN 29/5 2006
What to do with the failed Constitutional Treaty?
That the old Constitutional Treaty is dead is obvious to everyone although officially acknowledged by few.
Carl Bildt, blog 17/6 2006
First there will be some sort of political declaration at a special summit in Berlin on March 25 in connection with the 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome.
Then it will be for the meeting of the European Council in June to start to take decisions on how to proceed. This will be under the German presidency, and after the French elections.
In the second half of 2008, that happens to be under a French presidency one can forsee a mini-convention starting in the later part of 2007 and winding up by the summer of 2008.
This will then produce a rather slimmed down document that might be called something like Treaty of Institutional Reform.
The C-word will be gone. And it will be given a more proper designation. Institutional reform is what it is really all about. In substance, I would expect it to differ little from these parts of the much larger Constitutional Treat