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Too much confidence is placed in the view that inflation rises will be transitory

 It is not often that I take a very strong view that runs directly counter to the market consensus. 

On the rare occasions in the past that I have done so, it has been an uncomfortable feeling at first.

As highlighted by a recent Bank of America survey, markets are currently dominated by a consensus based on three core hypotheses: durable high global growth; transitory inflation; and ever-friendly central banks.

Mohamed El-Erian FT 30 June 2021


Near Zero until 2023. Really?

Imagine how much borrowing will be until then.
The debt level and the leverage will reach the sky.

Inflation och handelsbalans. Englunds lag 2,0.


Record-breaking heat is gripping the typically temperate U.S. Pacific Northwest,

 reviving fears of more wildfires and concerns for the health of vulnerable citizens not likely to have air conditioning.

Predicted to be “historic, dangerous, prolonged and unprecedented,” according to the National Weather Service, the region’s temps are rewriting the record books.

MarketWatch 28 June 2021


I Seattle i delstaten Washington i nordvästra USA väntas rekordtemperaturen 41 grader


Avoid areas vulnerable to sea level rise, wildfire and unsafe heat

Insurance companies are regularly dropping homeowners’ policies in vulnerable areas because of the risk involved, a trend we should expect to accelerate.

MarketWatch  1 July 2021


A senior Federal Reserve official has warned the US cannot afford a “boom and bust cycle” in the housing market

 ...that would threaten financial stability, in a sign of growing concern over rising property prices at the central bank.

“I’m not predicting that we’ll necessarily have a bust. But ....

The median price for sales of existing homes was up 23.6 per cent year-on-year in May, topping $350,000 for the first time.

FT 28 June 2021


Near Zero until 2023. Really?

The debt level and the leverage will reach the sky.

The market will force the Fed to act earlier, I think.

Englund blogg 17 June 2021



En trevlig och tankeväckande båtfärd


Generellt tycker jag att börsuppgången är väldigt välgrundad, säger Molly Guggenheimer, aktiestrateg på Danske Bank

SvD/TT 28 juni 2021 

Sonja Molly Matilda Guggenheimer är 24 år och bor i en lägenhet i Stockholm. Hon fyller 25 år den 11 september. Hennes lägenhet är värderad till ca 3 900 000 kr.

Detta enligt Hitta.se

Susanne Spector, chefsanalytiker på Nordea.

Nils Lundgren var chefsekonom på Nordbanken.

Nils Lundgren meddelade regeringen om att en artikel med detta innehåll skulle publiceras på Dagens Nyheter på måndagen. Artikeln faxades under fredagskvällen över till Olle Wästberg, som per telefon framförde till Lundgren att han såg mycket allvarligt på artikelns publicering. Men order var fritt. Anne Wibble fick kännedom om debattartikeln under en resa utomlands.

När artikeln infördes i Dagens Nyheter på måndagen den 28 september fick den i detta läge provokativa rubriken "Kronans fall nära", med underrubriken "Det är inte värre att devalvera än att bibehålla dagens räntenivå, menar Nils Lundgren."



Hoover Dam hit an historically low water level and The Panama Canal


Heat waves across the US West are already straining electricity supplies


The Panama Canal faces a creeping threat from climate change, including droughts so intense that ships sometimes reduce their cargo so as not to run aground, and giant storms that almost overwhelm its dams and locks, canal officials say.

WSJ 28 June 2021

Joschka Fischer; “systemic” rivalries and great-power politics have no place in an age of climate change

The idea of a Cold War II between the West and China has quickly evolved from a misleading analogy into a self-fulfilling prophecy. 

But contemporary China is nothing like the Soviet Union, and in today's world, we simply cannot afford another clash of mutually exclusive systems.

Joschka Fischer Project Syndicate 21 June 2021

Nice pic


Africa to propel world’s population towards 10bn by 2050

Sub-Saharan Africa’s population is set to double over the next 30 years, adding an additional 1bn people



I Seattle i delstaten Washington i nordvästra USA väntas rekordtemperaturen 41 grader

 Värmeböljan som nu pressar regionen kommer ovanligt tidigt i säsongen och gör att brandmyndigheter befarar att ännu ett svårt brandår är på väg i västra USA och Kanada

Bildtext: Sarah O'Sell i Seattle har köpt en ny luftkonditionering. 

SvD 27 juni 2021


2050 kommer lika mycket energi att användas till världens luftkonditionering som hela Kina använder i dag för att producera all sin elektricitet”



Lidingövillan har ökat 2 000 kronor per dag de senaste fem åren

 I kronor ligger Stockholm i topp med en snittökning på 1 675 541 kronor.


KI-prognos: Höjd ränta dröjer till 2024


Near Zero until 2023. Really?

Imagine how much borrowing will be until then.

The debt level and the leverage will reach the sky.



Real yields on junk debt going negative is way more insane than anything ...

 anything going on in random meme stocks or scamcoins, because of the absolutely enormous amounts of money involved.

Mish 21 June 2021



Robert Schuman: Pope puts father of modern Europe on sainthood path

 Born in Luxembourg in 1886 and naturalised as a French citizen, Schuman briefly supported Marshal Pétain, who would be sentenced to death for being a Nazi collaborator in World War Two. 

After the German occupation of France in 1940, Schuman was arrested by the Gestapo but managed to escape a year later, and went on to live in hiding until the end of the war.

BBC  19 June 2021


Europe’s founding fathers: Jean Monnet, Paul-Henri Spaak, Robert Schuman, Alcide de Gasperi, and others.


Den 9 maj ska högtidlighållas i hela unionen som Europadagen till minne av Robert Schumans förklaring som inledde det europeiska integrationsprojektet.


Rome, Habsburg and the European Union



Första AP-fondens vd Kristin Magnusson Bernard

Första AP-fondens vd Kristin Magnusson Bernard

”Jag tror att det är ett regimskifte. Vi kommer att få en större roll för finanspolitiken framåt, till skillnad från vad som har varit fallet de senaste 20-30 åren. Bakgrunden är en insikt om att det finns en del saker man kan uppnå med finanspolitik som är svåra att uppnå med penningpolitik”, säger hon i Di-podden Makrorådet.

Viktor Munkhammar DI 17 juni 2021


Jag tycker det är skriande uppenbart att räntan världen över är för låg och att en större del av stimulanserna borde ske via finanspolitiken.

Rolf Englund blog 5 december 2009



Heat waves across the US West are already straining electricity supplies

 Already, power grids across the West and South are under strain this week amid a heat wave that has caused a surge in electricity demand, the first of several expected this summer. 

Grid operators in both Texas and California have called on people to conserve power by reducing reliance on air conditioning, among other things, to avoid the need for rolling blackouts to bring demand in line +with supply.

18 June 2021


PG&E, which serves 16 million people in Northern and Central California, has relied heavily on what are known as public safety power shut-offs in recent years, after its power lines sparked a series of wildfires in 2017 and 2018 that killed more than 100 people.


U.S. Drought Imperils Economy in California’s Farm Country


Riksbanken spår att nollräntan blir kvar till sommaren 2024

Håller prognosen har Sverige då haft noll- eller minusränta tio år i rad.

Anna Breman, nyaste leda­moten i Sveriges räntedirektion, har med sig rötterna från Motala

Riksbanken erbjuder även lån till bankerna till reporänta, det vill säga noll ränta, mot att de lånar ut till företag – till valfri ränta. Hittills har bankerna bara utnyttjat en tredjedel, 165 mdr av den beslutade maxvolymen på 500 mdr.

Sveriges inflationsmål på 2 procent definierades av Riksbanken och infördes formellt 1995. Sedan dess har banken missat KPIF-målet i 308 av 317 månader, motsvarande 97 procent av tiden, 26,5 år.

Ålder: 45 år. Tjänar: 202 000 kr/mån.


Near Zero until 2023. Really?



Han har åldrats, Göran Persson

Han är född 1949, således bara åtta år yngre än jag.


Om honom på Wikipedia


- Ett av de avgörande argumenten för mig mot en federal utveckling är att jag tror inte att det kommer att gå att skapa ett europeiskt parlamentet som kommer att upplevas som legitimt som lagstiftare av folkflertalet i Europa, säger Göran Persson


Who’s afraid of 2.1% inflation?

 Back in the old days — the ones younger readers may not even remember — interest rates were generally higher than inflation.

 For years now, asset markets have been all about working with falling inflation and interest rates with a vast side order of quantitative easing (QE). There is no bigger deal than that changing

Merryn Somerset Webb FT 18 June 2021


Real men are not afraid of a little inflation. But they are scared of stagflation



Det svenska poddbolaget Acast värderades till 6,7 miljarder kronor inför börsdebuten

Acast tog in över 1,3 miljarder kronor i en nyemission i samband med börsnoteringen.

Bland ankarinvesterarna fanns pensionsjätten Alecta, Första AP-fonden och Handelsbanken Fonder, tillsammans med riskkapitalbolagen Kuvari Partners och Lugard Road Capital.

Men när företagets aktier under torsdagsmorgonen började handlas på First North rasade kursen. Efter tio minuters handel var nedgången omkring 10 procent.

Acast har stark tillväxt. Men vinst är något som ligger flera år fram i tiden. Enligt bolagets finansiella mål ska bolaget nå lönsamhet på ebitda-nivå inom tre till fem år.

SvD 17 juni 2021


Near Zero until 2023. Really?

Imagine how much borrowing will be until then.

The debt level and the leverage will reach the sky.

The market will force the Fed to act earlier, I think.

Fed signals first rate rise will come in 2023

FT 16 June 2021


‘Anthro-Vision: How Anthropology Can Explain Business and Life’ by Gillian Tett

 The joy of returning to real life

When we go online, we tend to choose our experiences and the boundaries of our vision. But in the real world we have less control over what we might bump into. Other people and other realities intrude. 

This is immensely valuable after a year in which we have been cooped up, not just in a physical or social sense, in our homes and friendship groups, but also, all too often, in a mental sense, only watching the people and events on our screens.

Corporate bond spreads hit new post 2008 low...

 despite debt boom, inflation concerns

Spreads in the biggest part of the roughly $10.7 trillion U.S. corporate bond market hit a post-2008 financial crisis

MarketWatch June 16, 2021 


"People always ask me what is going on in the markets. It is simple. Greatest Speculative Bubble of All Time in All Things. By two orders of magnitude."

Michael Burrys meritförteckning är att han med hedgefonden Scion Capital förutsåg och spelade och vann stort på subprimehärvan  och finanskrisen 2007 - 2008. Han populariserades med spelfilmen The Big Short 

Marknaden kan som bekant förbli irrationell längre än du kan sitta med negativa positioner mot marknadsriktningen (the market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent).

Postningen på Twitter igår från Burrys verifierade konto är den sjunde någonsin, och egentligen den första som berör marknaderna alls, så det handlar inte om någon som ständigt kraxar om domedagen.

Cornucopia 16 juni 2021


Odds favor the Dow being higher at the end of 2021. The reason why has to do with the stock market’s efficiency.

Its level at any given point reflects all available information up to that point.

Mark Hulbert MarketWatch 15 June 2021

Many well-known and respected experts are predicting a stock market collapse in the coming months or quarters ...

based on rising bond yields, stretched valuations and speculative behaviour by market participants.

This may or may not be true.

A market correction is certainly possible but any real threat to global financial stability will continue to be met with massive doses of monetary and fiscal stimulus.

What worries me more is that debt in comparison to gross domestic product is now at record levels in the US, eurozone, UK, Japan and China. 

Eric Knight FT 10 June 2021


Policymakers should now act now to moderate the finance sector’s excessive risk-taking

After the 2008 global financial crisis, governments and central banks in advanced economies vowed that they would never again let the banking system hold policy hostage, let alone threaten economic and social well-being. 

But although governments and central banks succeeded in reducing the systemic risks emanating from the banking system, they failed to understand and monitor closely enough what then happened to this risk.

Given the magnitudes involved, it is not surprising that central banks in particular are treading very carefully these days, fearful of disrupting financial markets in a manner that would undermine the post-pandemic economic recovery.

Mohamed A. El-Erian Project Syndicate 9 June 2021


Mohamed A. El-Erian, President of Queens’ College, University of Cambridge, is a former chairman of US President Barack Obama’s Global Development Council. He was named one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers four years running. 

He is the author of two New York Times bestsellers, including most recently The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse.

Fed urged to aid money market funds as negative rates loom

The Fed is set to discuss the intensifying pressure in US money markets at its meeting this week, after record sums of cash were parked at the central bank overnight on Monday at a zero interest rate.

FT 15 June 2021


Let's investigate the relationship between the Fed's QE program, bank lending, and alleged stockpiling of cash

 The best way of looking at things is a month-by-month take since the beginning of the recession.

Since May of 2020, bank loans and leases, and commercial loans have shrunk in a continuous fashion. Both are barely above where they were pre-Covid-19.

Is this all we get out of expansion of the Fed's balance sheet by $3.7 trillion, from $13.4 trillion to $17.1 trillion coupled with trillions of dollars of stimulus from Congress?

I am afraid so. And it means businesses just do not want to expand. 

Mish 15 June 2021


Årets rättelse

Article corrected throughout to reflect Jamie Dimon said the bank has $500 billion in cash, not $500 million, per an incorrect transcript.

Last Updated: June 14, 2021 

RE: Man kan förstå att misstaget slank igenom.

500 miljarder dollar är mycket.

Inte har dom månadssparat ihop pengarna på ett ISK-konto. De har lånat hos Fed till typ nollränta.

Det kan man om man är bank.


Draghi, Smaghi and The German constitutional debt brake

If Schäuble really wants to follow Keynes’ advice, Germany should borrow more and focus less on others’ spending habits

Lorenzo Bini Smaghi, a former executive director at the European Central Bank, explains why Germany’s former finance minister’s recent push for a return to “normal” is misguided.

 ECB Presidents, Mario Draghi until October 2019 and then Christine Lagarde, repeatedly called for a more balanced and supportive fiscal policy to reduce the burden on the central bank.

The German constitutional debt brake, which was introduced in 2009, is particularly relevant in this respect, given it accounts for about a third of eurozone GDP

FT 14 June 2021


Real men are not afraid of a little inflation. But they are scared of stagflation

 Olivier Blanchard, the IMF’s chief economist 2010 called for several bold innovations. Central banks should raise their inflation targets


“Stagflation” remains a word not uttered in the polite company of the financial world.

During the 1973-74 bear market S&P 500 fell 45%.


Gröna och svarta svanor BIS Conference Black Swan

Uppdaterade estimat över den finansiella cykeln visar att det finns risk för att en bubbla byggs upp på de finansiella marknaderna i euroområdet, som så småningom brister, har ökat märkbart” skriver Commerzbank-ekonomen Michael Schubert i ett kundbrev.

Han noterar att framväxande bubblor på finansmarknaderna och klimatförändringarna har ett antal likheter.

Frank Elderson, medlem av ECB:s direktion, berörde dessa likheter i ett tal vid BIS-konferensen ”Den Gröna Svanen” i början av juni. 

DI/Direkt 14 juni 2021


The Green Swan Conference


Nicholas Nassim Taleb, The Black Swan Mauldin


Inflation is on the rise – but just wait until the electric vehicle revolution starts turbocharging prices, Stagflation

 Inflation is on the rise – but just wait until the electric vehicle revolution starts turbocharging prices, Stagflation

 Oil prices have risen 80pc over the last year – as the global economy has rebooted. Food inflation is soaring, with global wholesale crop prices up an extraordinary 40pc in May, compared with the same month last year.

Copper prices have more than doubled over the last year, for instance, given that electric cars need five times more of it than conventional vehicles.

 And then there’s the looming danger that efforts to unwind or even just slow QE could provoke yet another nasty meltdown, as bloated financial asset prices collapse.

A nasty inflation spike would destroy business confidence and hammer investment, causing “stagflation”

Liam Halligan Telegraph 13 June 2021


Fed tapering?
Latest Fed meeting minutes indicated that “a number of participants” believed it might be “appropriate at some point in upcoming meetings” to begin thinking about those plans if progress continued towards the central bank’s goals of a more inclusive recovery from the pandemic.

FT 13 June 2021

Alla är glada. 
Happy days are here again!
Utom riksbankscheferna som vet att de inte har någon plan för återgång till något slags normalitet.


– Även om priserna går upp så behöver inte det betyda att vi har en bostadsbubbla, säger finansmarknadsminister Åsa Lindhagen

 – Det var inget jag reflekterade över när jag tog jobbet, säger hon.

Då frågar jag igen, är det inte rimligt att du som finansmarknadsminister har en uppfattning om riskerna för en krasch på bostadsmarknaden?

– Jag tror att det också ingår i jobbet som minister att vara lite försiktig i frågor där vi inte vet svaret. 

Joel Dahlberg SvD 12 Juni 2021


Åsa Lindhagen

Som finansmarknadsminister vill jag fortsätta utveckla finansmarknaden i en grönare och mer hållbar riktning. Den finansiella stabiliteten ska vara god och vi ska verka för en finansmarknad som bidrar till ekonomisk trygghet



Eurosceptics deem it a judicial coup d’etat. /EU vs. Verfassungsgericht

The German constitution remains sovereign and the Verfassungsgericht reserves the right to strike out any EU law or treaty.

Is the EU a unitary superstate akin the United States, or is it a club of fully sovereign states that remain the “Masters of the Treaties”, as the German court famously insists?

But it also forces a showdown that could have fateful consequences. Eurosceptics deem it a judicial coup d’etat. 

“Every EU member states knows that Germany would never have accepted the Lisbon Treaty without this right of oversight. Disregarding democratic principles and the sovereignty of the member states raises doubts about the Commission’s own legitimacy,” said Peter Gauweiler, a Bavarian conservative and serial litigant at the court.

Ambrose Evans-Pritchard Telegraph11 June 2021


Brussels has launched legal action against Germany’s constitutional court after its judges attempted to challenge the supremacy of EU law 



”Det finns risk för bakslag” säger Maria Landerborn, senior strateg på Danske Bank

SvD har tagit del av statistik från Thomson Reuters som visar att värderingen nu är skyhög bland de 50 största bolagen.

Det genomsnittliga p/e-talet är 27, mätt på nästkommande års vinst. 

Allt över 20 brukar anses som mycket högt.

SvD 11 juni 2021


Economics from Washington to Cornwall

Three decades ago, the British economist John Williamson coined the phrase “Washington consensus” to describe a collection of free-market, pro-globalisation ideas that American leaders (among others) were promoting around the world. 

Now, however, a new tag is in the air: the “Cornwall consensus”.  Don’t laugh. That is really the title of an advisory memo circulated ahead of the G7 leaders meeting in Cornwall on Friday. 

Gillian Tett FT 10 June 2021


Eskilsson, Sture, Timbro 1990. Motvind, medvind 


A new paradigm for teaching economics does exist



”Tredje riket”

I år är det 150 år sedan det andra tyska riket grundades med en spektakulär akt i Spegelsalen på slottet Versailles. 

Det första tyska riket var det som benämnts ”Det heliga romerska riket av tysk nation”, eller Tysk-romerska riket. Riket byggde på fiktionen att det vidareförde Romarriket. 

Romarriket fanns emellertid kvar, det hade sin huvudstad i Konstantinopel 

SvD Under strecket 7 juni 2021


Brussels has launched legal action against Germany’s constitutional court after its judges attempted to challenge the supremacy of EU law 

The commission said it had sent a formal notice to Germany for “violation of fundamental principles of EU law”, and gave it two months to reply. If that response is unsatisfactory, the procedure could go to the ECJ.

FT 9 June 2021


Rom-fördraget är EU:s grunddokument.

Bolaget, den nybildade djurhälsokoncernen Vimian, tar sikte mot en värdering på runt 30 miljarder kronor

Investeringsbolaget Fidelio, som backas av flera kända finansfamiljer och miljardärer som Katarina Martinson

DI 9 juni 2021



Remember: the Volcker shock triggered the Latin American debt crisis

US federal deficits of 16.7 per cent of GDP this fiscal year and 7.8 per cent next year. 

Meanwhile, most members of the Federal Reserve’s board expect interest rates to stay near zero even until the end of 2023. 

By the time the economy finally reaches the point when the Fed starts to tighten, it will be smoking hot (at “maximum employment”) and, inevitably, getting hotter. That is what happened in the 1970s.

Remember: the Volcker shock triggered the Latin American debt crisis. This time, there is much more debt around almost everywhere. A severe monetary tightening would create even more devastation than then.

Martin Wolf 8 June 2021


Kaletsky menar att det var Paul Volcker som ledde återgången till "demand management".

- In the United States, the return to demand management began as early as the summer of 1982, when a three-year recession and the bankruptcy of the Mexican government persuaded the Fed that its experiment with monetarism had gone too far.

Vad var det som hände fredagen den 13 augusti, som satte fart på världens aktiebörser. 

Jo, det som hände den dagen var att Mexiko förklarade att man inte längre kunde betala sin utlandsskulder. 


Latin American debt crisis 80´s


Deutsche Bank warns of rising inflation

In a forecast that is well outside the consensus from policymakers and Wall Street, Deutsche issued a dire warning that focusing on stimulus while dismissing inflation fears will prove to be a mistake if not in the near term then in 2023 and beyond.

    To be sure, the Deutsche position is not widely held by economists.

  • Most on Wall Street and at the Fed see inflation is a temporary problem that will ebb as special factors fade away.
  • CNBC 7 June 2021

Deutsche Bank Issues Stark US Inflation Warning, Seeing Economic Parallels to 1940s, 1970s

Inflation could send the global economy into recession as central banks lose control, according to Deutsche Bank.

The current political climate means that jobs growth may be a higher priority in the coming years than keeping inflation at bay.

Unlike in the early 1980s, when then-President Ronald Reagan supported Fed Chair Paul Volcker “putting the economy through a wringer to quell inflation, the problem is today viewed as much less important than unemployment and the broader goals of achieving greater equality in income and wealth,” according to the report.


The Harvard — also known as the SNJ or T-6 — is a great aeroplane

Harvard training planes were made from the 1930s to 1970s.

FT 7 June 2021


Biggles should certainly have a Home Page

Tapering, in the financial world, refers to the winding down of certain activities by a central bank

In October 2017, the Fed took the extra step of quantitative tightening. The Fed was no longer adding assets to its balance sheet every month, and it then decided to reduce the assets it held every month.

Beginning in September 2019, the Fed reversed course again and began adding assets to its balance sheet. 

Mixed feelings about quantitative tightening among investors could have added to stock market turbulence in 2018 (though many factors contributed to the turbulence).



Taper Tantrum



Developing economies threatened by US inflation

While rich countries have been able to borrow during the pandemic at very low rates, many developing countries already face a much higher cost of finance.

Egypt is paying  12.1 per cent. Ghana is paying 15 per cent.

Brazil has refinanced at an average rate of 4.7 per cent this year

FT 5 June 2021


Once, central bankers knew what they needed to do to handle inflation


Latin American debt crisis 80´s



Sverige består numera av en mängd lokalsamhällen som skiljer sig åt dramatiskt

 Jag bor på Södermalm. I denna stadsdel i Stockholm lever människor gott. Folk är välutbildade, arbetslösheten är låg, inkomsterna är goda och tryggheten är stor. Och den mellanmänskliga tilliten är skyhög.  

Men Södermalm framstår dock också som extremt i detta och andra avseenden. Lite skyddad verkstad – eller kanske snarare ett grindsamhälle som den svenska översättningen av gated community lyder.

Jag sätter mig sålunda på min cykel och trampar 13 km söderöver. Efter cirka 45 minuter anländer jag till Rågsved.

Lars Trägårdh Fokus 3 juni 2021


A small step for mankind /Humankind för att vara PK/ My First handwritten html-code on Mac



Powell’s Dollar, China’s Problem and Englunds lag 2.0

The yuan this week hit a three-year high versus the dollar, prompting Beijing to act to manage the exchange rate before China’s currency strengthens further.

Chinese depositors now hold more than $1 trillion in dollars, often the proceeds from booming exports, and authorities seem to worry a sudden mass move to convert those deposits into yuan could send the exchange rate skyrocketing.

Yet this is more a dollar phenomenon rather than a yuan event. The yuan is appreciating versus the dollar, while its exchange rate with the euro has been mostly stable in recent months. 

WSJ 3 June 2021


John Connally, when Treasury secretary in President Richard Nixon’s cabinet, famously told his European counterparts in 1971 that the dollar “is our currency but your problem”


Min enkla, men kanske viktiga, tanke är att det rätta måttet är vad prisnivån skulle bli vid en valutakurs vid vilken handelsbalansen, eller kanske bytesbalansen, är i jämnvikt. Inte vet jag, men låt oss säga att dollarn skulle behöva sjunka med 25 procent för att uppnå detta.

Priserna i K-sektorn, remember ?, skulle då stiga med ett tal som duktiga ekonomer kan uppskatta. Jag kan inte sådant, men är ganska säker på att det skulle bli avsevärt mer än två procent om året.

Denna tanke vill jag kalla Englunds lag 2,0.


There is no justification for the belief that so long as power is conferred by democratic procedure, it cannot be arbitrary;

the contrast suggested by this statement is altogether false: 

it is not the source but the limitation of power which prevents it from becoming arbitrary. 

Frances 'Cassandra' Coppola 2 February 2021



Borrowing in times of crisis to stabilise the economy makes sense, as long as the question of repayment is not forgotten

The need to pay back the debt later is often overlooked.

Europe’s social peace requires a return to fiscal discipline

Wolfgang Schäuble FT 2 June 2021

The writer is president of the Bundestag and a former German finance minister



Aktierna står redan långt över läget före pandemin.


Kan det ha något att göra med reporäntan?

But, as John Maynard Keynes observed, 
the problem with markets is that they can remain “irrational” longer than investors can stay solvent 

Så hårt slår en räntechock

3.723 miljarder kronor. Så mycket hade svenska hushåll lånat till bostäder per den sista mars i år. 

Om räntan skulle stiga till 2006 års nivå stiger månadskostnaden, återigen exklusive amorteringar, för ett lån på fem miljoner från cirka 6 500 kronor under 2020 till över 40 000 kronor. 

Den franska banken Natixis summerar det ganska bra i en färsk analys: 

”En varaktig återkomst för inflationen skulle utlösa en skuldkris, en bankkris, en fastighetsskris, enorma förmögenhetsförluster och minskade investeringar hos företag som vill minska skuldsättningen”. 

Andreas Cervenka DI 2 juni 2022


När bubblan spricker finns ingen räddning

Andreas Cervenka DI 29 september 2020


Once, central bankers knew what they needed to do to handle inflation

Central bankers no longer agree how to handle inflation.

After years of setting interest rates on the basis of inflation forecasts and seeking to hit a target of about 2 per cent, the leading monetary authorities around the world are pursuing different strategies.

Eurozone policymakers are embroiled in a furious argument as the ECB conducts its own policy review; the results will be announced in September.

“I am not worried about a return to the 1970s,”Fed vice-chair Randal Quarles said.

FT 2 June 2021


Riktiga karlar är inte rädda för lite inflation, 2010


Jag tycker det är skriande uppenbart att räntan världen över är för låg och att en större del av stimulanserna borde ske via finanspolitiken, 2009



In the 1970s some economists began arguing that Keynesianism must be wrong, because ...

because the phenomena Keynes described couldn’t happen in an economy of perfectly rational individuals and perfectly functioning markets.

Then came the 2008 crisis and its aftermath, which demonstrated that Keynes had been right all along. 

The slump reflected a collapse in demand; governments that responded with deficit spending were able to mitigate the downturn, while those that practiced fiscal austerity made it worse. And the anti-Keynesian theories that had dominated the journals for several decades proved perfectly useless.

Many economists entered the crisis ignorant of basic concepts that had been worked out many decades earlier, because you couldn’t publish those concepts in the journals or teach them in many (not all) graduate programs.

Paul Krugman NYT 1 June 2021


Keynes lived an extraordinary and vivid life


Why do economists continue to get it so wrong? Lucas


The FT examines whether inflation is back for good and Bill Gross

Turning points in price trends tend to occur just at the moment when the authorities and expert opinion dismiss the risks. 

FT 1 June 2021


Cash has been trash for years but soon it may be the only haven for investors

Ten-year Treasuries morphed into the “risk” asset category several years ago. Stocks with valuations supported by low yields have entered the same category now, no matter the growth potential for 2021 and 2022.

Bill Gross FT 1 June 2021


Bill Gross

But, as John Maynard Keynes observed, the problem with markets is that they can remain “irrational” longer than investors can stay solvent